Deportations to Dangerous Zones

Tens of thousands of Mexican immigrants from the conflict-ridden, impoverished state of Guerrero have been deported from the United States since 2010.

Netzahualcoyotl Bustamante Satin, Guerrero’s secretary for migrant and international affairs, said his state ranked third in terms of the Mexican state of origin for Mexican deportees from 2010 to 2014. According to Bustamante, 137,000 Guerrenses were deported from the United States in the four years mentioned.

The Guerrero state official said the National Migration Institute had indentified the majority of deportees as hailing from five municipalities: Acapulco, Teloloapan, Chilpancingo, Tlapa, and Chilapa.
Of the municipalities in question, all but Tlapa experienced extreme outbreaks of violence during the four-year period. The violence was variously attributed to disputes between organized criminal groups over control of illegal drug production and transportation corridors; domination of the street-level drug market, especially in Acapulco; and outright political and economic control of the municipalities.

Violence continues in several of the zones in 2015. In recent days authorities exhumed six more secret graves, or “narco-fosas,” of at least 11 murder victims in Chilapa, where five schools in rural communities stayed closed at the beginning of the semester due to security issues.

In Acapulco, meanwhile, teachers refused to go back to work at nearly 100 schools because of safety concerns stemming from ongoing extortions and other violent acts against members of their profession. The work boycott affects as many as 10,000 students.

It is not known how many of the deportees have reamained in Guerrero or moved elsewhere. Bustamante, however, said his state now has added responsibilities in meeting education, healthcare, job and housing needs.

“The challenge now is to do design public policies and treatment in order to serve the 137,000 Guerrero residents who have been expelled from the United States between 2010 and 2014,” he said.
Sources: El Sur, January 8, 2015. Articles by Jacob Antonio Morales, Luis Daniel Nava and Luis Blancas. La Jornada (Guerrero edition), January 4, 2015. Article by Francisca Meza Carranza.

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